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helicopter carrier japan

Japanese officials claimed it would be used in national defense, specifically citing anti-submarine warfare and border-area surveillance missions. The Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force has begun the process of converting the first of two Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF) Izumo-class helicopter carriers into aircraft carriers capable of supporting the operations of the short take-off and vertical landing (STOVL) F-35B Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF). The JS … [22] Multiple plans were reportedly under consideration, some of which call for US Marine Corps F-35s to use the vessels while others for Japan to procure its own aircraft. The ship is equipped with 2 Phalanx CIWS and 2 SeaRAM for its defense. Additionally, it is also asserted to bolster Japan's ability to transport personnel and supplies in response to large-scale disasters. This unveiling occurred at a time of heightened tensions over the Senkaku Islands. This news came to light after Japan’s new draft defence plan was published on December the 11th. [1][6][7][8][9], In 2013, the USMC operated V-22 Ospreys on Hyūga during joint amphibious exercises. The specifications of the Hyūga class are comparable to light aircraft carriers, such as the Italian Giuseppe Garibaldi and Spanish Príncipe de Asturias. They also have enhanced command-and-control capabilities to serve as flagships. Hyūga immediately moved to off the coast of Miyagi prefecture and started search and rescue operations. [1], The Hyūgas are primarily anti-submarine warfare carriers operating SH-60K anti-submarine helicopters. A helicopter lands on the Japan Maritime Self Defense Force helicopter carrier Izumo: The government's latest defense plan calls for the vessel to be converted to carry F-35 jets. [25][26], Later, in February 2018, the Yomiuri Shimbun reported that Japan was planning to acquire 40 F-35B, the Short Take-off and Vertical Landing (STOVL) variant of the Lockheed Martin Lightning II Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), which could be operated from Izumo class with some modifications to the ships. During development, Hyūga and Ise were provisionally named "16DDH" and "18DDH" respectively. [4][35][36] On 30 December 2019, Japanese Ministry of Defense approved the FY2020 budget that would finance the refurbishment of the Izumo class for F-35B operation. On exercise with a US Navy Wasp-class amphibious assault ship, JS Hyūga operating AH-64D and SH-60K helicopters, "DDH-161 Hyuga / 16DDH "13,500 ton" ton Class", "Japan's About-Face: The military's shifting role in post-war society. For other operations, 400 troops and 50 3.5 ton trucks (or equivalent equipment) can also be carried. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). On 11 March 2011, the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami struck the northeast part of Japan. This unveiling occurred at a time of heightened tensions over the Senkaku Islands. [4] The ships of this class are currently the largest surface combatants of the JMSDF, taking over the mantle previously held by the Hyūga-class helicopter destroyers. Built as a compromise ship by an indecisive navy, Shinano was perhaps the worst designed carrier ever built. I cannot say that the US F35B should never be placed on an [JMSDF] escort vessel.” [38][39] According to an RT interview, the Japanese Ministry of Defense representative states that the STOVL aircraft are a land based Japan Air Self-Defense Force asset and the modification of maritime escort vessels is to “increase operational flexibility”, stating “We are not creating carrier air wings or carrier air squadrons”. Hōshō (鳳翔, literally "phoenix flying") was the world's first commissioned ship that was built as an aircraft carrier, and the first aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). The request was approved and the construction contract was awarded to IHI Corporation in October 2012. The Japanese government in November 2018 announced that it plans to enhance its two Izumo-class helicopter carriers in order to support F-35B Lightning II stealth fighters. [8] The ship has neither a "ski-jump" nor a catapult, typical features for launching fixed-wing aircraft. "[2], The Hyūgas were followed by the larger Izumo class, the first being commissioned in March 2015. ", "Japan commissions helicopter carrier Izumo", "Japanese Maritime Thought: If not Mahan, who? [5]Can operate aircraft STOVL Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning IIB. [13], Hyūga was named after Hyūga Province (日向国, Hyūga no kuni) (present-day Miyazaki Prefecture) on the east coast of Kyūshū, and Ise after Ise Province (伊勢国, Ise no kuni) (present-day Mie Prefecture). Currently designated as a helicopter destroyer, Izumo does not have the capability to operate fixed-wing aircraft from her deck. The numbers derived from the Japanese calendar, specifically the 16th year and 18th year of the Heisei reign (2004 and 2006), when the provisional name were given. The class is designated as a multi-purpose operation destroyer by the Japanese government due to limits on the Japanese Constitution prohibiting the acquisition of offensive platforms. Additionally, it is also asserted to bolster Japan's ability to transport personnel and supplies in response to large-scale disasters. Japan’s ‘Helicopter Carriers’ are More Than Aircraft Carriers in Disguise. [14], In November 2009, Hyūga participated in "Annualex 21G" joint naval exercise with the US aircraft carrier USS George Washington and other USN and JMSDF ships to maintain the interoperability between the two navies. [4], The ships are armed with a 16-cell VLS carrying the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile surface-to-air missile, and Phalanx close in weapon system for self-defense. Two ships of the class are planned. This is a list of aircraft carriers which are currently in service, under maintenance or refit, in … The lead ship was officially unveiled at Yokohama on 6 August 2013. A photo that appeared on Twitter on Wednesday depicts the helicopter … [7] However, only 7 ASW helicopters and 2 search and rescue (SAR) helicopters are planned for the initial aircraft complement. The Izumos will replace the Shirane-class helicopter destroyers;[3] the Hyūgas were originally meant to replace the Shiranes.[1]. [5] It is speculated that future modifications may allow the operation of VTOL/STOVL fixed-wing aircraft, such as Harriers or F-35 Lightning II. The upcoming deployment of the first aircraft carrier in 75 years is a response to the growing Chinese threat in the East and South China Seas. [18][19][20][21], In December 2017, several sources including Reuters and Yomiuri Shimbun reported that the Japanese government was contemplating modifying the Izumo class to operate F-35B STOVL aircraft. The ship was commissioned on 25 March 2015.[13]. JS Izumo (DDH-183) is a helicopter carrier which, as of 2020, is being converted into a light aircraft carrier.Officially classified as a multi-purpose operation destroyer, she is the lead ship in the Izumo class of the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). A Twitter post showed Japan's newest aircraft carrier is just about ready to deploy, and the Chinese Navy is not happy with it. [37], The United States Marine Corps plans to operate their own STOVL F-35s from Izumo-class ships in cooperation with the ship's crew to build up a Japanese capability to operate this type. Commissioned in 1922, the ship was used for testing carrier aircraft operations equipment, techniques, such as take-offs and landings, and carrier aircraft operational methods and tactics. Their AA varied during their service, between six and eight 127 mm and six 120 mm for Taiyo, with initially eight 25 mm, then 24 on Taiyo and Unyo, and 22 plus 5 heavy 13 mm machine guns for IJN Chuyo in 1943. Ise joined the relief operation, using its helicopters to provide relief supplies to remote areas cut off by the storm. They are also equipped with the ATECS command system and FCS-3 fire control with active electronically scanned array radar system. [citation needed], The Washington Post noted that this ship – the biggest warship in Japan's fleet since World War II – "has raised eyebrows in China and elsewhere because it bears a strong resemblance to a conventional aircraft carrier"[5] and has been described by the Chinese as an "aircraft-carrier in disguise. JS Kaga (DDH-184) is a helicopter carrier with a planned future conversion into an aircraft carrier. The Hyūga-class helicopter destroyer (ひゅうが型護衛艦, Hyūga-gata-goei-kan) is a class of helicopter carrier built for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). [27][28] It was estimated that each Izumo-class carrier could operate 12 or more F-35B aircraft. [10][11], In 2016, MV-22 Ospreys operated off Hyūga in the participation of relief efforts following the Kumamoto earthquake. [citation needed], "DDH-183 Izumo 22DDH Class Aircraft Carrier", "Japan avoids flak by refusing to call flattop 'aircraft carrier, "Japan unveils new carrier-like warship, the largest in its navy since World War II", "Japan commissions helicopter carrier Izumo", "Details of New Japanese 'Helicopter Destroyer, "Defense Ministry plans second helicopter destroyer", "Japan's Biggest Warship Since World War II Enters Service", "Izumo class (22DDH) Helicopter Destroyer -JMSDF", https://www.aspistrategist.org.au/the-ship-that-dare-not-speak-its-name/, "MSDF helicopter flattop Izumo designed as aircraft carrier:The Asahi Shimbun", "Officials Admit Japan's 'Helicopter Destroyers' Were Also Designed for Jets", "Like the Izumo Class? The Hyūga-class helicopter destroyer (ひゅうが型護衛艦, Hyūga-gata-goei-kan) is a class of helicopter carrier built for the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force (JMSDF). The country also recently increased its order of F-35s, including 42 F-35Bs , making the country the second largest operator behind the United States, a spot previously held by the United Kingdom. [23][24] The plan quickly raised criticism from China, where government officials reacted negatively and urged Japan to "act cautiously". A … [1], Globalsecurity.org suggests a maximum capacity of 18-24 H-60 class helicopters, or a smaller number of larger helicopters, even though the official complement was reported as three Mitsubishi H-60 and one AgustaWestland AW101 helicopters, or three Mitsubishi H-60 and one Sikorsky CH-53 Sea Stallion helicopters. Relief operation, using its helicopters to provide relief supplies to remote areas cut off by the storm WWII ''. 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