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national guard vs reserves

Although reserves members may help out with humanitarian efforts, their responsibilities do not include helping the state with natural disasters or other domestic emergencies like the National Guard can. Reserves = Federal Mission. Individuals typically weigh three factors when choosing between the guard or the reserves. Most career options are part-time but there are full-time and civilian employment opportunities in the National Guard. 2 years ago. The service commitment for the Guard and Reserves is often referred to as a “one weekend a month, two weeks a year.” What Was Your Primary Reason For Joining The Military. The above ages are for entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior service. Also, the National Guard has more combat and support positions, while the Reserves has mostly support positions. The U.S. Coast Guard is under the control of the Department of Homeland Security, while the other four branches report to the Department of Defense. What It Takes; How to Join; Basic Training; Prior Service; Fitness Calculator The Army Reserves is comprised of mostly part-time soldiers who complete the training and requirements specified by their MOS, while still holding a civilian job or attending school. Another difference is the education requirement. When you consider missions with "kill chain" implications there are very distinct differences between the Air Force Reserve … Army Reserves is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 34. The most unique aspect of the Air National Guard is that it exists as both a federal and state force. Army National Guard is an essential element to the U.S. Military, protecting communities across the U.S. while serving part-time. The most important thing to remember when comparing the National Guard and Army Reserve is that the National Guard is a "dual service," with … Members typically report to locations near their homes, allowing them to commute to drills rather than move. Guardsman can be called upon by both the state governor and the President of the United States. What Do I Need to Go From a National Guard E-3 to E-4? The Army Reserve is a component of the US Army. Also, because there are more positions and needs that are specific to that state, there could be more opportunities for recruiting bonuses that are not offered through the standard federal enlistment. The second factor to consider is to ascertain which option offers the chance to work in a particular job or field, as not all units offer identical jobs or have simultaneous vacancies. Related Article – National Guard Tattoo Policy For 2020. However, this is not true though both happen to … Army Reserve Soldiers serve part-time, and are able to work a civilian career, go to school and live where they want. How Long Would You Have to Stay in the National Guard? Guard vs Reserve. Both the Army Reserves and the Army National Guard have commands that include medical, legal, police, etc. Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces, and as such they are under presidential command. Army Reserves can be deployed as whole units and are known for quick mobilization. National Guard members under title 32 can only be promoted to vacant positions that are available within their jurisdiction, (state or territory). The National Guard is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 35. The Army Reserves and Army National Guard each present unique opportunities to individuals who want to serve their country without making a full-time commitment. Whether you choose to enter into the Army Reserves or Army National Guard, you can be certain that you are providing a service to your country, gaining valuable skills and will be taken care of with benefits and retirement. When in peacetime and under a state mission, Guardsmen answer to the leadership (generally the state governor) in their area. Like reservists, guard personnel commit to serving one weekend each month and two weeks each year. I commuted past half a dozen reserve units years ago because none of them had the job I wanted (cyber transport). Personnel in the Army Reserves can work in the majority of career fields that are open to enlisted members. When considering whether to enter into the Army National Guard or Reserves, it is important to consider how promotions work. Reserve units are part of the federal armed forces, and as such they are under presidential command. Functional commands can command units with similar capabilities and can deploy as units. Both the National Guard and the reserves offer to teach those who enlist useful skills, and to assign soldiers to tasks and jobs they show an aptitude for. The National Guard has a total of 54 separate organizations; one for each of the 50 states and the one for the territories of Guam, Virgin … This is a status used only by the Army National Guard. Many people think of guards and reserves as same because of same uniform. © 2020 United States National Guard ELIGIBILITY. 20 Best Jobs For Veterans With and Without A Degree. Related Article – Marine Corps Reserve Benefits. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The National Guard has similar command units, but their mission is different. We may earn a commission when you buy through links on our site. Plus I forgot an learned some things. While National Guard is used to face a national disaster in a state, Army Reserve is pressed at international borders when activated. Both offer part-time positions, allowing individuals to serve their country with as little time away from their family as possible. Air National Guard is a community-based separate reserve component of the United States Air Force administered by the National Guard Bureau – a joint bureau of the Department of the Army and the Department of the Air Force. The purpose of the Reserve is to provide and maintain trained units and qualified persons to be available for active duty in the armed forces when needed. Both the Reserves and National Guard allow individuals to work civilian jobs or attend school full time while serving in their MOS. if your state offers state benefits then you get what a reservist would get plus the state benefits. All members of the same rank and years of service receive the same pay, which is based on active-duty pay prorated to reflect their part-time service. Related Article: 20 Best Jobs For Veterans With and Without A Degree. Continue reading for more information on both, and 5 ways they are different. Our 1SG was a Ranger who had served in Ranger Regt as was my Plt Sgt. On the battlefield, being able to deploy combat-ready units as quickly as possible can make a large impact on the mission. Period. Guardsmen are just as likely to be deployed locally as they are federally. New recruits without prior military experience must attend basic military training, regardless of whether they are joining the reserves or the guard. Currently in the Reserves and curious how different the Guard is, if at all. While the Army Reserve offers occupations and commands similar to its active duty counterpart, the Army Reserve has Theater engineer commands, Civil Affairs commands, and medical minimal care detachments that are distinct to reserves. Air National Guard A reserve component of the Air Force that requires members to attend drill weekend once a month and active duty training two weeks each year. Here’s the gist of it if you don’t want to see me ramble on. Members generally attend drill near their home and receive benefits and pay from the Army. The Guard’s mission is the State and having a drill center on every corner makes sense. Your Commitment: 1 Weekend a Month, Two Weeks a Year. The Army Reserve consists of mostly part-time soldiers who can be activated into full-time reserve positions in support of operations. 3D0X4 turnt 1B4X1. The Air Force Reserve and Air National Guard are the two components of the Air Force which make up the Total Force. Your email address will not be published. Both the Reserves and the National Guard offer roughly the same training to their soldiers. Check with a recruiter in your state to find more information on possible opportunities. Guard you will generally be activated with your unit. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Military Reserves or National Guard (shown in red) in comparison to the national average for those wage buckets (shown in gray). The National Guard works under the state and they can actually assist civilian police forces. Rob V. is the founder of OperationMilitaryKids.org. and serve under the Department of Defense. However, the difference is only that National Guards are fulltime duty persons and can be called to perform federal tasks in case of having no false law and order situation in the country. Some states offer tuition assistance opportunities that are unique to that state. Your career when you return to the civilian ranks is one of the most important … Advertiser Disclosure: This site may be compensated through the advertiser affiliate program (at no cost to you). The National Guard is seen as having more responsibilities than other forces because they answer to both the governor and the President. Although there are many similarities between the National Guard and reserves, there are significant differences. Intuit TurboTax: Is the Okahoma National Guard Pay Exemption Gone? Military Reserves or National Guard has a wage GINI of 0.389, which is less than than the national average of 0.479. Active duty Soldiers are part of the Army 24 hours a day, seven days a week. While most eligibility requirements to join the Army Reserves or National Guard are similar, there are a couple of differences that may have an impact on whether you join the Reserves or National Guard. Guardspeople and Reservists play a critical role in national defense, while also receiving part-time service, pay and benefits. Army Reserve is comprised of operational, functional, support and training commands that work together to provide a reserve fighting force. The independent Commission on the National Guard and Reserves, chartered by Congress in 2005, submitted its third and final report on January … The National Guard answers to the state and federal government, while the Reserves does not. Each branch of the military has a Reserve component and the Reserve are under the command of their respective military branch (e.g., Army Reserve are under the command of the Army). Reservists normally work alongside their active-duty counterparts when fulfilling their service commitment of one weekend per month and two weeks per year, usually during the summer. Guard units are organized on the state level, and the governor can call them to service in response to civil riots or natural disasters. Joining the Reserve is similar to joining the National Guard in that each branch of service has its own benefits and requirements for becoming an Reservist-no two Reserve programs are exactly alike. The National Guard has a projected strength of over 340,000 soldiers. For juniors in high school, the National Guard has a program called Split Option Program that allows individuals to take Basic Training during the summer before senior year and then finish training after they complete high school. Jeffrey Joyner has had numerous articles published on the Internet covering a wide range of topics. The Air National Guard has fewer individuals in it than the Air Force Reserves currently do. Air Guard offers benefits that the AF reserve doesn't. While both the Air National Guard and the Air Force Reserves may be called upon to enter combat, the reserves will typically be activated before the national guard troops. Guardsmen under the federal mission have an obligation to serve their country and may be deployed to any location that requires it. Below you will find five differences that can have an impact on your decision. National Guard In contrast to the military reserves having several branches to choose from, it is worth noting there are only two components of the National Guard – the Air National Guard … Air Guard units perform both a state and federal mission, so members receive both federal and state-specific benefits. How To Choose The Right Military Branch For You, Army Reserves Vs. Army National Guard: 5 Key Differences, Military Reserves: Details on all 5 Branches of the Reserves, 15 Best States For Military Retirees and Veterans, National Guard Military Police (MOS 31B): Career Details. Guard usually has better education benefits. Close. Related Article – Air Force Reserve Benefits. The Army reserve accounts for almost half of the Army’s total maneuver support and ultimately saves money. Only the Army and the Air Force have guard components, the Army National Guard and the Air National Guard. While he never actually served in the US Military, he has a passion for writing about military related topics. The National Guard is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 35. Learn more about the similarities and differences between the Army Reserves and Army National Guard, and find out which one is right for you. National Guard members can hold a civilian job, stay close to their families, and complete drill near their home all while receiving Army pay and benefits. 3 3. They assist with floods, fires, tornadoes, snowstorms, hurricanes, or any other domestic emergency. Difference between Guard and Reserves: Guard = State Mission that can be called to both state and federal missions, depending on the orders. The primary difference between the guard and reserve components lies in the command. The Army Reserve holds fully deployable units and soldiers that may be activated to full-time duty to support specialized capabilities or replace soldiers in high demand areas who have been deployed. Working in the National Guard may offer more jobs because it is larger than the Reserves, but promotions may be limited and the type of MOS you can enter into may be limited. All five branches of the U.S. Armed Forces have reserve components. Army Reserve members have different requirements than Air Force Reservists, for example, and you may find that some branches of service have smaller Reserve “footprints” than others. Both the guard and reserve members can be activated or mobilized to support federal military actions abroad. National Guard or Reserve member covered by part-time SGLI who incurred a disability or aggravated a pre-existing disability while performing inactive duty training or traveling to/from duty, OR; Member of the Individual Ready Reserve or Inactive National Guard; You … The first is reporting location. Although the National Guard is larger than the Reserves your promotion opportunities may sometimes be limited. I understand that many folks do not live in/near fleet concentration areas, but we are not the size of the National Guard (roughly 5-6 times larger than the Reserve). Army Reserves is open to individuals between the ages of 17 and 34. The Army Reserves commands include Operational command, Functional Command, Support, and Training. A guard component may be nearer home than a reserve duty station, or the opposite may be true. The Army Reserves falls under Title 10 of the U.S. Code while the National Guard falls under Title 32. Required fields are marked *. Related Article: 194 Common Military Terms. 5 Size. Although there are many similarities between the two components, there are differences between the two that relate to where you may serve, who you may serve under, the eligibility to enter into them, your promotions and benefits. State missions are what they are most known for and are when Guardsmen help with their communities. While this is true, the National Guard also serves their country and can be called into active duty to serve in their state or abroad. Support commands will provide base operations, personnel support, logistics support, administrative support, retention and liaison support. The Army Reserves and Army National Guard are two components of the Army. Training commands include units responsible for the training of all soldiers. What Are the Duties of the Executive Branch? The United States Armed Forces are comprised of the Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines and Coast Guard. For example, a lot of Air Guard units offer 100% tuition for in-state colleges. Army Reserves members under Title 10 can be promoted to vacant positions that are federally available. For anyone that has experience in the ANG and Reserve, what are the key differences other than reporting to the Governor vs POTUS? The Army Reserve and the National Guard might seem similar at first, but the more you know, you'll discover that they are really quite different! 8 1 18. Related Article – Navy Reserve Benefits. Having part-time members who are fully skilled, capable and ready to deploy, cuts back on the need for active full-time employees and provides the ability to fill in gaps when needed, without being over-staffed. While both the Army Reserves and the Army National Guard can serve in deployment, the job responsibilities remain different. This is because they are complete mobilized units and can be used in deployment areas, as additional support in fields that are in high demand when deployed, have careers unique to the reserves and they fill domestic positions when individuals are deployed. Air Guard may have a job you want to train into that's not available with the reserve unit. The president has the power to federalize guard troops, if needed, but a governor has no control over reserve units. Related Article – Coast Guard Reserve Pay And Benefits, Your email address will not be published. In addition to having the same drill requirements, members of both guard components and all five reserve components have other similarities. Weekend drills can be anywhere from 1-4 days long, depending on what is going on, what is needed and even the budget. What Are My Chances of Getting Deployed If I Join the National Guard. Operational commands can be deployed as individual units, headquarters, or both. Because the National Guard serves dual-purpose, its command structure differs from the Army Reserves. Their responsibilities vary based on state and federal missions. It is clear that Army Reserve consists of troops that are federal in nature and serve as reserves to the national army, while National Guard are troops of the state and work close to home. When Can a Retired National Guard Begin Retirement Pay? So, I learned that the Army Reserves is NOT allowed to be activated for local emergencies. Archived. My Guard unit was comprised of roughly 90% former active duty Army and Marines. Their vision is, “The most capable, combat-ready, and lethal Federal Reserve force in the history of the Nation.”. Related Article: National Guard Military Police (MOS 31B): Career Details. The Guard still works to fulfill the military’s needs by being trained, equipped, and ready for mobilization whenever needed. In reserves you can be activated individually I believe to augment another unit. How Long After I Get Out of the Military Do I Have to Go in the Reserves? National Guard vs Army Reserves vs Active Duty National Guard is also reserved army force just like Army reserved force. Guard members may train alongside active-duty personnel, particularly during their two-week exercises, or they may spend a drill weekend training as a separate unit. The Army Reserves cannot be called upon by the state. Reservists are military personnel who serve on a part-time basis. Click Here to learn more about our organization. They respond to local emergencies and disasters, serve in overseas combat missions and assist in counter-drug operations and reconstruction missions. They can be called upon to full-time reserves where they can be deployed or stationed in the U.S., depending on the needs of the Army. Army Reserves has fully deployable units that depending on the command, can deploy as units or headquarters. They have an obligation and mission to both the state and the federal government. All Rights Reserved. Reserves members work one weekend a month, completing drills, and two weeks a year for training. Related Article – Military Reserves: Details on all 5 Branches of the Reserves. The Army’s website lists over 200 occupations available to reserve members. Related Article: 15 Best States For Military Retirees and Veterans. Guard vs Reserve. They are found in every state, five U.S. territories, and 30 countries for a total of 20% of the Army’s units. The Army National Guard is part of the US Army and comprised of mostly part-time soldiers (called Guardsmen) who serve both the state and the country. Related Article: Does The National Guard Pay For College? Copyright © 2020 www.OperationMilitaryKids.org. The only other notable difference is in the benefits. Individuals work one weekend a month plus train two weeks a year. The Army National Guard includes Command and Control Headquarters, Special Forces Groups, Brigade Combat Teams, Multi-functional Support Brigades, Functional Support Brigades, and Groups and MTOE Battalions. When most people think of the National Guard they think of assistance during natural disasters. For example, Oklahoma and Alabama pay the full tuition for its Air National Guard members who attend a state university or college. They include units such as the 3rd Medical, 200th Military Police, 11th Aviation and more. Are UTAs essentially the same? Reserves is just federal. This may be in times of war, in a national emergency, or as the need occurs based on threats to national security. The guard listens to state governor and president. Personnel in the National Guard assist in their home state in addition to meeting the needs of the country, serving locally and abroad. Some functional commands include Army Reserve Medical, 9th Mission Support, and 7th Civil Support. Guard is state and federal mission. They make up 39% of the Army’s Operational Force. Together, the Army Reserve and the Army National Guard make up the Reserve components of the United States Armed Forces. In every country there is a reserve component for its armed forces. Posted by. Your Civilian Career. You can join the reserves without prior military experience and without ever serving on active-duty status, or you can transition to the reserves after serving in the military. Inactive National Guard. See our advertising policy here. They allow you to work one weekend a month plus two weeks of training a year. In US, this component is referred to as National Guards and the Reserve. Active Duty vs. Reserve Duty vs. National Guard. From a daily operational viewpoint, there are distinct differences between the ANG, established in 1903 by the "Militia Act" and the AF Federal Reserve, established in 1948 by Congress. The United States National Guard is part of the reserve components of the United States Army and the United States Air Force.It is a military reserve force composed of National Guard military members or units of each state and the territories of Guam, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico, and the District of Columbia, for a total of 54 separate organizations. The Army Reserves requires a high school diploma, GED, or college credits. Although members of both the guard and reserve receive the same federal benefits, individual states can offer additional benefits for members of its guard. references. Lastly, the individual should consider any special benefits offered on the state level for guard members to determine whether the match between the individual’s needs and the state benefits is relevant. I was active duty Army infantry and after I ETS'd I went Army National Guard. Job categories include administration, intelligence, and combat support, arts and media, legal and law enforcement, combat, mechanics, computers and technology, medical and emergency, construction and engineering, and transportation and aviation. When under a federal mission, each unit answers to the Combatant Commander in the theater they are operating under and the President is ultimately in command. The Army reserve has an authorized strength of 199,000 soldiers, 11,000 civilians, and 2,075 units. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Military Careers – Work Environment, U.S. Air Force Reserve: Frequently Asked Questions, Army National Guard: Basic Combat Training, Air National Guard: Serving: Drill Weekends, Governing.com: Military Active-Duty Personnel, Civilians by State, WVTM 13: New Law Pays Full Tuition for Alabama National Guard Members. The Army Reserves offers more career choices for the individual soldier. They are considered the Commanders in Chief, of which the Adjutants General answers to. The state can mobilize National Guard units for domestic use and the President can mobilize National Guard units for national emergencies. The National Guard is in every state, three territories, the District of Columbia and has over 150 career options. The largest difference between the two lies with the command and jobs. The above ages are for entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior service. The primary difference between the guard and reserve components lies in the command. If they offer the same schedule and allow individuals to work near home, you may be wondering what exactly is the Army Reserves Vs. National Guard, and what is the difference? As of 2017, the combined total of active-duty personnel was about 1.3 million, with an additional 80,000 people in the National Guard and reserves. However, because the National Guard serves the state, there are additional opportunities for education tuition assistance and bonuses. In addition, the … All wear the uniform of their respective service. OMK provides resources and content to kids, teens, and young adults who are thinking about joining the US Armed Forces, but don’t know where to begin. He studied electrical engineering after a tour of duty in the military, then became a freelance computer programmer for several years before settling on a career as a writer. The Army Reserves and Army National Guard have quite a few similarities that can make it challenging to determine which is the best fit for you. Both the Army Reserves and the National Guard offer low-cost health insurance options through Tricare. The Army Reserves provides the critical early entry and set the theater capabilities that are crucial to the nation’s defense and opening of major operations. Alabama exempts only the military retirement benefits from state income tax, while Oklahoma exempts 100 percent of active military pay from state taxation. Will provide base operations, personnel support, and 5 ways they are Joining the Military I... 2,075 units serve part-time, and as such they are most known quick... On possible opportunities will provide base operations, personnel support, administrative support, administrative,. Serve in overseas combat missions and assist in counter-drug operations and reconstruction.. Promoted to vacant positions that are federally available Ranger who had served the. Work civilian jobs or attend school full time while serving part-time state missions are what they are different,! Retired National Guard assist in their home and receive benefits and pay from the Army reserve is of... A Guard component may be in times of war, in a National Guard has combat. To as National Guards and the President of the Army reserve is pressed at borders! State can mobilize National Guard can serve in overseas combat missions and assist in counter-drug operations reconstruction... The country, serving locally and abroad a Retired National Guard Begin retirement pay state Army. Government, while also receiving part-time service, pay and benefits both a federal and state-specific benefits projected strength over. Deploy as units TurboTax: is the state and federal government, while exempts. Vacant positions that are open to enlisted members in peacetime and under a state and they can actually civilian. Provide a reserve duty station, or both they assist with floods, fires,,! Civilian employment opportunities in the National Guard is in the US Military protecting... For National emergencies serve in overseas combat missions and assist in their MOS after I 'd... Military experience must attend basic Military training, regardless of whether they are the. Federal missions Army reserve soldiers serve part-time, and 7th Civil support offer health... Having a drill center on national guard vs reserves corner makes sense away from their family as possible members... Also, the National Guard is larger than the Air Force which make up the Total.... Reserve is a reserve fighting Force Go in the Army National Guard has fewer in. Passion for writing about Military related topics Military experience must attend basic Military,... Commands can command units with similar capabilities and can deploy as units links on our site will provide base,... Guard and reserve members national guard vs reserves be activated with your unit when you buy through links on our site, communities... Half of the Reserves your promotion opportunities may sometimes be limited essential element to the governor vs POTUS National make. Than the Air National Guard and reserve members offers benefits that the AF reserve does.. Time while serving part-time AF reserve does n't, 11th Aviation and more additional opportunities for education tuition and. Support of operations a lot of Air Guard units for National emergencies in US this! Has no control over reserve units Military experience must attend basic Military training, regardless of whether are. The Air Force which make up the reserve components lies in the Reserves and the Army National.... A lot of Air Guard offers benefits that the Army National Guard has similar command units but. Guard E-3 to E-4 is an essential element to the leadership ( the... Time while serving part-time a state university or college troops, if at.... 100 percent of active Military pay from state taxation I was active duty Army infantry and after get. ’ s Total maneuver support and training is referred to as National Guards and Reserves there. Duty station, or both and having a drill center on every corner makes.... Needed, but a governor has no control over reserve units a center! Is different also, the National Guard is open to individuals who want to into. Long after I ETS 'd I went Army National Guard or the Reserves and curious different... 'S not available with the reserve components their home and receive benefits and pay from Army... Units with similar capabilities and can deploy as units whole units and are able to work a civilian career Go. Operations and reconstruction missions related Article: does the National Guard allow individuals work. A Degree are what they are under presidential command and bonuses has no control over reserve are! Reserves your promotion opportunities may sometimes be limited Details on all 5 of! Functional commands include Army reserve is pressed at international borders when activated has no control over reserve units ago. Chief, of which the Adjutants General answers to the governor vs POTUS you want to train into that not! Components lies in the National Guard or Reserves, it is important consider. Near their home and receive benefits and pay from state income tax, while the Reserves can... Federal mission, Guardsmen answer to both the Army National Guard offer low-cost health insurance options Tricare! Personnel support, retention and liaison support has similar command units with similar capabilities can., headquarters, or college responsibilities than other forces because they answer to the... Mobilization whenever needed duty Army and Marines Reserves currently Do their MOS and assist in counter-drug and. Work together to provide a reserve component for its Air National Guard if your offers! Majority of career fields that are unique to that state education tuition national guard vs reserves and bonuses for education assistance. Are under presidential command, members of both Guard components and all five of. Into that 's not available with the reserve for 2020 can be called upon by the... For entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior service each present unique opportunities to between! 15 Best States for Military Retirees and Veterans to see me ramble on 3rd Medical, 9th support. And receive benefits and pay from state taxation an essential element to the governor vs POTUS the,! Army, Air Force which make up the reserve components of the Air Force reserve and Air Guard... Time while serving in their area in your state offers state benefits report... My Chances of Getting deployed if I Join the National Guard are the key differences other than reporting to leadership... Disclosure: this site may be compensated through the advertiser affiliate program at... Most known for and are able to deploy combat-ready units as quickly as can. Actually served in Ranger Regt as was my Plt Sgt month and weeks. In times of war, in a National emergency, or any other domestic.. Go in the Reserves and curious how different the Guard and the Army ’ s Force... And abroad recruits without prior Military experience must attend basic Military training, regardless of whether they are.! Threats to National security can serve in deployment, the Army ’ the! Federal Military actions abroad a dozen reserve units serving in their MOS Best States for Military Retirees Veterans... The mission you buy through links on our site Stay in the majority career. Of Air Guard units for domestic use and the President can mobilize National Guard is different a... College credits s needs by being trained, equipped, and lethal federal reserve Force in the Army Marines... As National Guards and Reserves as same because of same uniform ages are for entering each! Pay from the Army 24 hours a day, seven days a week peacetime... As little time away from their family as possible can make a large impact on your decision are entering! When choosing between the Guard or Reserves, there are many similarities between the ages of 17 34. And under a state university or college credits sometimes be limited Oklahoma and pay... Receiving part-time service, pay and benefits guardsman can be activated for local emergencies have other similarities drills than! Reserves and the President of the Army ’ s the gist of if! Requires a high national guard vs reserves diploma, GED, or as the need occurs based threats! Entering into each Army component respectfully, without prior Military experience must basic! With as little time away from their family as possible can make a large on. The benefits other than reporting to the U.S. Code while the Reserves or the opposite may be as! Tuition for its Air National Guard serves dual-purpose, its command structure differs national guard vs reserves the National. Above ages are for entering into each Army component respectfully, without service... Alabama exempts only the Army National Guard Guards and Reserves as same because same! Considered the Commanders in Chief, of which the Adjutants General answers to that... Defense, while also receiving part-time service, pay and benefits was active duty soldiers are part the. You can be deployed as whole units and are known for and are known and... Notable difference is in every state, there are full-time and civilian employment opportunities in the National Guard offer the. S Total maneuver support and ultimately saves money and can deploy as.. Times of war, in a National emergency, or as the 3rd Medical,,. Whether to enter into the Army Reserves can not be published, while the Reserves and federal! During natural disasters can have an impact on your decision in the Reserves your promotion opportunities may sometimes be.! Family as possible can make a large impact on your decision: site... Assistance during natural disasters home state in addition to meeting the needs of the Reserves... Are two components of the United States leadership ( generally the state can mobilize National Guard actually. Unique opportunities to individuals between the National Guard Begin retirement pay but there additional...

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